Roy Oppenheim Discusses Climate Change & Its Impact on Real Estate in Florida

More Flooding, More Diseases from Bugs and More Homes Under Water Real Estate Attorney Roy Oppenheim's Thoughts on Global Warming

Climate Change Impact on Florida Real Estate
Roy D. Oppenheim

Roy D. Oppenheim

January 16, 2019 12:44 PM

More Flooding, More Diseases from Bugs and More Homes Under Water Real Estate Attorney Roy Oppenheim’s Thoughts on Global Warming

What Does Global Warming Mean for South Florida’s Real Estate Market?

South Florida is a magical place of tropical weather, beautiful beaches, luxurious landscape, the millions of acres of the everglades, unique wildlife, and so many other natural attractions that lure millions of newcomers and visitors each year. These natural wonders also make South Florida one of the most vulnerable to climate change. In addition to the importance and impact on Florida’s eco-system, the local economy, particularly the hospitality and real estate industries, are highly dependent on preserving Florida’s natural resources. So aside from the direct impact on Florida ecology, it is important for all of us – lawyers, real estate people, and the like, to look to the future and try track of the changes that may affect our industry.
Regardless of how you feel about climate change, the scientific community does not address subjective ideologies. Rather, the scientific community continuously monitors and reports on the objective changes to the Earth and its inhabitants.

Did you know?

1. Nuisance flooding in high tide areas like Miami-Dade county will continue to “rise.”

The previous volume (2014) of the report indicated that seasonal flooding such as high tide or “King Tide”, would start becoming a permanent phenomenon for several cities in Florida, including Miami. This 2018 Volume of the report indicates that based on recent measurements, the 2014 prediction has transformed into a predicament. Nuisance flooding is no longer seasonal but officially permanent and will not decrease. The only option is to act, and transact business, under the awareness of the increased flood-related risks.

Nuisance flooding has serious effects on real estate. First of course, you can’t sell a house that is literally underwater. You have a dramatic decrease on properties’ prices as well as other economic impacts related to structural damages, variables on valuation of surrounding properties, and municipalities’ loss on property taxes. According to the report, about 40% of the entire property tax base in Miami-Dade county is at risk. Drastic increases in flood insurance policies are expected and flood zoning will be extended from the usually included areas, such as Miami Beach and Key Biscayne, to western neighboring cities, increasing homeownership-related costs in almost all of South Florida.

2. Mosquito and Ticks present serious health risks.

According to the report, due to temperature’s increase, South Florida has now a year-round suitable condition for the transmission of vector-borne diseases. Mosquito-related activity, especially suitable to the species Aedes aegypti, which spreads the well-known Zika viruses is no longer a seasonal nuisance but a constant public health problem.

If an outbreak occurs, it is certain to cause an economic crisis for the affected area. For instance, South Florida’s economy will be severely affected if the number of people infected with vector-borne diseases force health authorities to deploy protocols such as those deployed in Wynwood due to Zika outbreaks. The economic devastation of a bigger outbreak can be predicted by evaluating the impact of the 2016-2017 advisory. During the outbreak, the CDC issued warnings in 2016 and as the cases increased, the CDC issued travel advisories in the beginning of 2017, which were not removed until June 2, 2017. The advisories were issued for only a mile-long area in Wynwood; however, they caused a loss of 40% of the income of businesses located across the entire Art District of Wynwood. Hence, if an outbreak forces local authorities to issue advisories for larger areas in South Florida, it is expected that the loss would be similar to that experienced in Wynwood, beyond the affected areas. Such a scenario would rapidly impact all local industries including real estate. In a prior blog and accompanying video I addressed the interaction between abandoned properties, which become mosquito sanctuaries, and vector-borne diseases, but the report is quite eye opening concerning the big impact warmer weather has on the cycle and how mosquitoes can actually increase the amount of vacant properties as opposed to vacant properties, thus increasing the amount of mosquitoes.

3. Transformation of Natural Ecosystems.

According to the report, climatic thresholds will be crossed in a few years, which will transform ecosystems and landscapes in the state of Florida. That means that realistically, my kids can no longer expect that their kids will experience the same benefits from Florida’s natural resources as I, or they did growing up. It is sad to say, but you better hold on to those family trips’ pictures for your grandchildren!

One of the most immediate changes highlighted in the report that will definitely have an impact on real estate, is coral bleaching. Coral bleaching is a phenomenon, caused by rising ocean temperatures, currently putting in danger Florida’s coral reefs, the world’s third largest coral reef system. The report highlights the spread of a previously unknown coral disease that infects corals and kills them in a matter of weeks. The report mentions that even tough, the nature of the disease is still unknown, it was determined that its spread was made possible by “stressed reef” conditions already documented in the 2014 version of the report.

This danger to the Coral Reef, besides being an ecological disaster, is a hard hit to South Florida’s real estate industry, specially to coastal communities and the Keys. The reefs and the species that live in them, attract millions of tourists feeding the economy and properties’ values in those areas. Hence, if the reef does not survive, our industry will be affected in the short and long run.
Now here’s the good news: South Florida is one of the areas of the state that is taking action and local governments are raising enormous amounts of capital, specially from private industry players, to fund research and build infrastructure capable of withstanding the effects of climate change. For instance, thanks to the recent plumbing work installed by the City of Miami, this year’s King Tide was significantly less problematic. That shows that engineering and creative design may offer at least some ways to mitigate the damages caused by climate-change. I have addressed this issue before, so if you are interested please take a look at my PBS presentation. I urge you take a look at this interesting data of the Fourth National Climate Assessment Vol. 2 and draw your own conclusions. You can find the complete report here.

In the mean time, keep your row boats and waders close at hand.

From The Trenches,

Roy Oppenheim.

Oppenheim Law
2500 Weston Rd #404,
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33331

About Roy:

Roy Oppenheim is a sought-after legal expert on issues relating to real estate. In 2009, he started the South Florida Law Blog to address the real estate market and foreclosure crisis. The Blog has been voted the best business and technology blog by the South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Mr. Oppenheim has been a contributor to Yahoo! Homes, featured on HuffPost Live, FOX News, and Lifetime TV, and quoted in prominent national publications, including USA Today, The New York Times and Huffington Post. Most recently, Mr. Oppenheim hosted an Ask Me Anything on Real Estate on Reddit. Mr. Oppenheim has also co-authored two law review articles: Deconstructing The Black Magic of Securitized Trusts, and The Emperor’s New Clothes.

Mr. Oppenheim founded Oppenheim Law, one of South Florida’s leading boutique law firms in Fort Lauderdale, Florida in 1989 with his wife Ellen Pilelsky, and, in 1994, he co-founded Weston Title & Escrow, a trusted South Florida real estate title company whose multilingual staff provides personal, concierge-style service in the areas of real estate closings, title insurance, title searches and escrow services.

Weston Title:

Related Articles

Changing for the Better

by Justin Smulison

Joseph Brophy’s Austin-based boutique firm comprises some of the most talented and experienced civil litigators in Texas.

Betting on Finance, Civil Litigation Success

Trending Articles

Announcing the 2023 The Best Lawyers in America Honorees

by Best Lawyers

Only the top 5.3% of all practicing lawyers in the U.S. were selected by their peers for inclusion in the 29th edition of The Best Lawyers in America®.

Gold strings and dots connecting to form US map

Could Reign Supreme End with the Queen?

by Sara Collin

Canada is revisiting the notion of abolishing the monarchy after Queen Elizabeth II’s passing, but many Canadians and lawmakers are questioning if Canada could, should and would follow through.

Teacup on saucer over image of Queen's eye

Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch in America for 2023

by Best Lawyers

The third edition of Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch in America™ highlights the legal talent of lawyers who have been in practice less than 10 years.

Three arrows made of lines and dots on blue background

The Best Lawyers in South Africa™ 2023

by Best Lawyers

Best Lawyers proudly announces lawyers recognized in South Africa for 2023.

South African flag

Famous Songs Unprotected by Copyright Could Mean Royalties for Some

by Michael B. Fein

A guide to navigating copyright claims on famous songs.

Can I Sing "Happy Birthday" in Public?

Announcing the 2023 The Best Lawyers in Canada Honorees

by Best Lawyers

The Best Lawyers in Canada™ is entering its 17th edition for 2023. We highlight the elite lawyers awarded this year.

Red map of Canada with white lines and dots

Wage and Overtime Laws for Truck Drivers

by Greg Mansell

For truck drivers nationwide, underpayment and overtime violations are just the beginning of a long list of problems. Below we explore the wages you are entitled to but may not be receiving.

Truck Driver Wage and Overtime Laws in the US

The Upcycle Conundrum

by Karen Kreider Gaunt

Laudable or litigious? What you need to know about potential copyright and trademark infringement when repurposing products.

Repurposed Products and Copyright Infringemen

What the Courts Say About Recording in the Classroom

by Christina Henagen Peer and Peter Zawadski

Students and parents are increasingly asking to use audio devices to record what's being said in the classroom. But is it legal? A recent ruling offer gives the answer to a question confusing parents and administrators alike.

Is It Legal for Students to Record Teachers?

Choosing a Title Company: What a Seller Should Expect

by Roy D. Oppenheim

When it comes to choosing a title company, how much power exactly does a seller have?

Choosing the Title Company As Seller

Announcing the 2022 Best Lawyers® in the United States

by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers listed in the 28th Edition of The Best Lawyers in America® and in the 2nd Edition of Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch in America for 2022.

2022 Best Lawyers Listings for United States

Caffeine Overload and DUI Tests

by Daniel Taylor

While it might come as a surprise, the over-consumption of caffeine could trigger a false positive on a breathalyzer test.

Can Caffeine Cause You to Fail DUI Test?

Thirteen Years of Excellence

by Best Lawyers

For the 13th consecutive year, “Best Law Firms” has awarded the most elite and talented law firms across the country through a thorough and trusted data review process.

Red, white and blue pipes and writing on black background


2022: Another Banner Year

by John Fields

Block O’Toole & Murphy continues to secure some of New York’s highest results for personal injury matters.

Three men in business suits standing in office

Announcing The Best Lawyers in Australia™ 2023

by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms from Australia.

The Best Lawyers in Australia™ 2023

Announcing The Best Lawyers in Germany™ 2023

by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms from Germany.

Black, red and yellow stripes