Insight

Massachusetts Issues Student Loan Servicing Conduct Rules

Massachusetts Issues Student Loan Servicing Conduct Rules

Thomas P. "Tom" Quinn , Jr.

Thomas P. "Tom" Quinn , Jr.

August 11, 2021 01:30 PM

On June 28th, the Division of Banks issued emergency amendments to its debt collection / third party loan servicing regulation to both implement the new student loan servicer licensing requirement and establish the conduct-regulating rules such parties must follow. On the same day the Division also released more modest emergency amendments to its record-keeping regulations to address the addition of student loan servicers as a new licensing scheme.

These emergency regulations - issued just days before they became effective, on July 1st - will be subject to a hearing and opportunity for comment in early August. The emergency regulations (both in clean and redline form) are available on the Division of Banks website, and may be accessed directly here (for the licensing and conduct-regulating requirements applicable to student loan servicers) and here (for the amendments to the recordkeeping regulation).

The new requirements are grafted onto a relatively old chassis. The Division has long had a regulation governing the requirements applicable to the registration of third party loan servicers, and the licensure of debt collectors. These rules, which are codified at Part 18 of the Division of Banks regulations, are broken into two general parts: (1) rules that govern the application and licensing or registration standards and (2) rules that govern the conduct and activities of such a licensed or registered entity.

In terms of the licensing requirements, there are two separate provisions which have been added to the existing regulation. The first governs the activities of a student loan servicer, with these licensing requirements generally running side-by-side with the requirements applicable to debt collectors in terms of the applicant's financial responsibility, bonding and financial statement requirements, as well as those governing the "character and fitness" of the applicant. The student loan servicer license is subject to renewal on an annual basis.

The second set of application requirements, however, are specific to the granting of an automatic federal student loan service license. Such licenses are granted to parties who act (or intend to act) exclusively as a student loan servicer pursuant to a contract with the United States Secretary of Education. Unlike the general student loan servicer license, this license is perpetual and only terminates when the licensee ceases to act as a student loan servicer under a contract with the Secretary of Education.

While there is some additional helpful content, the emergency regulations appear to generally track the content and drafting of the underlying statute. Somewhat more helpful on the issue of licensing, is a Frequently Asked Questions Document issued by the Division of Banks simultaneously with the release of the emergency regulations. This FAQ document provides additional, helpful color on some of the licensing requirements.

In terms of substantive new content, the emergency regulation now includes a separate provision specific to student loan servicing practices. Similar to the rules governing the conduct of debt collectors and third-party loan servicers, the new provisions governing the conduct of student loan servicing practices generally prohibit the use of any "unfair, deceptive or unconscionable" servicing practices. They then provide a non-exhaustive list of activities that would be considered to be in violation of the new servicing standards.

Several of these prohibitions are best described as general, garden-variety fraud. For example: the student loan servicer should not engage in any scheme to defraud or mislead student loan borrowers, it should not engage in any unfair, deceptive, unconscionable or misleading practices when servicing (for example: by misrepresenting the amount, nature or terms of fees or payments due under the loan or the borrower's obligation to repay it), servicers should not obtain property by fraud or knowingly or recklessly misapply payments. These prohibitions should fall into the category of common sense.

Others, however, are somewhat more targeted. For example, the regulation prohibits:

  • Allocating partial payments in a manner that maximizes late fees;
  • Charging late fees for payments that are made during a grace period;
  • Misrepresenting the availability of repayment options to student loan borrowers, or otherwise failing to disclose all available repayment options to a borrower who has asked about alternative repayment options;
  • Steering student loan borrowers into forbearance status without disclosing all other repayment options that might be available; and
  • Failing to provide information to student loan borrowers to notify or confirm changes in account status in accordance with the borrower's loan terms or other documentation.

Additionally, the emergency regulation requires student loan servicers who intend to sell or otherwise transfer servicing to provide sufficient notice of such transfer before it occurs (including the effective date of the transfer, the name of the new servicer, and the contact information for both the new and existing servicers).

Parties servicing student loans would be well-advised to review the new regulation to ensure that they are servicing in accordance with the now-effective standards. They are now on the clock for compliance with these new requirements.

Related Articles

Hybrid Work: Coping with Compliance Consequences


by Gregory Sirico

Communications platforms like Webex by Cisco, Zoom and Microsoft Teams are more popular than ever in the age of hybrid work, but are firms risking compliance for convenience?

Compliances Issues with Hybrid Work

Government of the People


by Allyn Stern

A baker’s dozen tips for working with the Environmental Protection Agency

Tips for Working With the EPA

Compliance Confidence


by Jeffrey E. Stone, John Huang, and Michelle Gon

Turning risk into opportunity.

Compliance Confidence

Trending Articles

Johnny Depp and Amber Heard: The Best Lawyers Honorees Behind the Litigation


by Gregory Sirico

Best Lawyers takes a look at the recognized legal talent representing Johnny Depp and Amber Heard in their ongoing defamation trial.

Lawyers for Johnny Depp and Amber Heard

The Real Camille: An Interview with Johnny Depp’s Lawyer Camille Vasquez


by Rebecca Blackwell

Camille Vasquez, a young lawyer at Brown Rudnick, sat down with Best Lawyers CEO Phillip Greer to talk about her distinguished career, recently being named partner and what comes next for her.

Camille Vasquez in office

Announcing The Best Lawyers in The United Kingdom™ 2023


by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms from the United Kingdom.

The Best Lawyers in The United Kingdom 2023

Announcing The Best Lawyers in France™ 2023


by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms from France.

Blue, white and red strips

Announcing The Best Lawyers in Germany™ 2023


by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms from Germany.

Black, red and yellow stripes

Education by Trial: Cultivating Legal Expertise in the Courtroom


by Margo Pierce

The intricacies of complex lawsuits require extensive knowledge of the legal precedent. But they also demand a high level of skill in every discipline needed to succeed at trial, such as analyzing technical reports and deposing expert witnesses.

Cultivating Legal Expertise in the Courtroom

Announcing the 2022 Best Lawyers® in the United States


by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers listed in the 28th Edition of The Best Lawyers in America® and in the 2nd Edition of Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch in America for 2022.

2022 Best Lawyers Listings for United States

Announcing The Best Lawyers in Belgium™ 2023


by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms from Belgium.

Black, yellow and red stripes

Announcing the 2022 Best Lawyers™ in France


by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms, including our inaugural Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch recipients.

Announcing the 2022 Best Lawyers™ in France

We Are Women, We Are Fearless


by Deborah S. Chang and Justin Smulison

Athea Trial Lawyers is a female owned and operated law firm specializing in civil litigation, catastrophic energy, wrongful death and product liability.

Athea Trial Law Female Leadership and Success

Choosing a Title Company: What a Seller Should Expect


by Roy D. Oppenheim

When it comes to choosing a title company, how much power exactly does a seller have?

Choosing the Title Company As Seller

What If Johnny Depp and Amber Heard Had a Premarital Agreement?


by John M. Goralka

Oh, the gritty details we’re learning from the latest court battle between Johnny Depp and Amber Heard. This unfortunate airing of dirty laundry may have been avoided with a prenup. Should you think about getting one yourself?

What If Johnny Depp & Amber Heard Had Prenup?

Announcing the 2022 Best Lawyers™ in Germany


by Best Lawyers

The results include an elite field of top lawyers and firms, including our inaugural Best Lawyers: Ones to Watch recipients.

Announcing the 2022 Best Lawyers™ in Germany

U.K. Introduces Revisions to Right-to-Work Scheme and Immigration Rules


by Gregory Sirico

Right-to-Work Scheme and Immigration Rules in

What the Courts Say About Recording in the Classroom


by Christina Henagen Peer and Peter Zawadski

Students and parents are increasingly asking to use audio devices to record what's being said in the classroom. But is it legal? A recent ruling offer gives the answer to a question confusing parents and administrators alike.

Is It Legal for Students to Record Teachers?

Destiny Fulfilled


by Sara Collin

Was Angela Reddock-Wright destined to become a lawyer? It sure seems that way. Yet her path was circuitous. This accomplished employment attorney, turned mediator, arbitrator and ADR specialist nonpareil discusses her career, the role of attorneys in society, the new world of post-pandemic work and why new Supreme Court Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson represents the future.

Interview with Lawyer Angela Reddock-Wright