Best Lawyers for Antitrust Law in America

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Lawyer
  • Location:
    Atlanta, Georgia
  • Practice Areas:
    Arbitration Antitrust Law Corporate Law Trademark Law Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Intellectual Property Mediation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law First Amendment Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - First Amendment Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Appellate Practice Corporate Law Litigation - Banking and Finance
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Kansas City, Missouri
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Intellectual Property International Arbitration - Commercial Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Tampa, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
David Boies was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

David Boies

Boies Schiller Flexner LLP
  • Location:
    Armonk, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Appellate Practice Antitrust Law Public Finance Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Columbia, South Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Mergers and Acquisitions Law Corporate Law Antitrust Law Real Estate Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Practice Areas:
    Employment Law - Individuals First Amendment Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Columbus, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Intellectual Property Commercial Litigation Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Securities / Capital Markets Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Securities Securities / Capital Markets Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Mining Law Energy Law Natural Resources Law Antitrust Law Oil and Gas Law Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Bridgeport, West Virginia
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Banking and Finance Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Municipal
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Administrative / Regulatory Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Practice Areas:
    Sports Law Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Plaintiffs Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    St. Louis, Missouri
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Securities Antitrust Law Litigation - Intellectual Property Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Franchise Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Franchise Law Antitrust Law Trademark Law Copyright Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Patent Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Bankruptcy Litigation - Banking and Finance Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Securities Mediation Arbitration Litigation - Banking and Finance
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Administrative / Regulatory Law Litigation - Health Care Litigation - Antitrust Health Care Law Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Health Care Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Defendants Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boulder, Colorado
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Antitrust Law Litigation - Patent Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Jackson, Mississippi
  • Practice Areas:
    Criminal Defense: White-Collar Antitrust Law Corporate Compliance Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Detroit, Michigan
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Health Care Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
Helene D. Jaffe was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Helene D. Jaffe

Law Offices of Helene D. Jaffe
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Advertising Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boston, Massachusetts
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Sports Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation Construction Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Labor and Employment Employment Law - Management Professional Malpractice Law - Defendants Litigation - Antitrust Employment Law - Individuals Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Labor Law - Management Product Liability Litigation - Defendants
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Appellate Practice Natural Resources Law Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Energy Law Oil and Gas Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Hartford, Connecticut
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
Roberta D. Liebenberg was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Roberta D. Liebenberg

Fine, Kaplan and Black, R.P.C.
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Orlando, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Appellate Practice Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Trademark Law Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Mediation Arbitration Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boston, Massachusetts
  • Practice Areas:
    Venture Capital Law Antitrust Law Corporate Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Securities Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Litigation - Regulatory Enforcement (SEC, Telecom, Energy) Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Personal Injury Litigation - Plaintiffs Bet-the-Company Litigation Personal Injury Litigation - Defendants Product Liability Litigation - Plaintiffs Legal Malpractice Law - Defendants Litigation - Insurance Criminal Defense: White-Collar
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Portland, Oregon
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Memphis, Tennessee
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Corporate Law Litigation - Banking and Finance Antitrust Law Litigation - Construction
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Insurance Commercial Litigation Litigation - Labor and Employment Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winter Park, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Patent
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Mediation Arbitration Legal Malpractice Law - Defendants Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Corporate Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Greensboro, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Bankruptcy and Creditor Debtor Rights / Insolvency and Reorganization Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Greenville, South Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Appellate Practice Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Appellate Practice
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Atlanta, Georgia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Omaha, Nebraska
  • Practice Areas:
    Banking and Finance Law Antitrust Law Financial Services Regulation Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Litigation - Health Care Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Appellate Practice Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Environmental Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Franchise Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Banking and Finance Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Utilities Law Energy Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Trademark Law Trade Secrets Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Jackson, Mississippi
  • Practice Areas:
    Criminal Defense: White-Collar Antitrust Law Criminal Defense: General Practice
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Portland, Oregon
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Practice Areas:
    Construction Law Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Mergers and Acquisitions Law Corporate Law Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law

  • Location:
  • Practice Areas:

Practice Area Definition

Antitrust Law Definition

The antitrust laws are designed to foster competition and promote consumer welfare by ensuring that businesses compete fairly based on the strength of their product and service offerings. The antitrust laws target unlawful business practices that may lead to higher prices, fewer choices, or lessened innovation for consumers. For example, the antitrust laws prohibit agreements among competitors to fix prices or allocate customers (Section 1 of the Sherman Act), illegal or attempted monopolization by firms with leading market positions (Section 2 of the Sherman Act), certain tying and exclusive dealing arrangements (Section 3 of the Clayton Act), mergers and acquisitions that are likely to substantially lessen competition (Section 7 of the Clayton Act), price discrimination between competing purchasers (Robinson-Patman Act), and, generally, unfair methods of competition (Section 5 of the FTC Act). In addition, individual U.S. states and more than 100 countries around the world have enacted antitrust laws.

Courts and governmental enforcement reflect the inherently fact-specific nature of antitrust jurisprudence. Variations in laws across different jurisdictions can add further complexities to analyses of business arrangements and practices. Accordingly, clients typically engage antitrust counsel to assist with the following types of matters:

Strategic Transactions. When contemplating a merger, acquisition, joint venture, or minority investment, antitrust counsel are engaged early in the decision-making process to advise clients regarding the potential antitrust risks of a proposed business combination and to help structure the transaction to address those risks. Antitrust counsel also assists in identifying jurisdictions that may require a pre-merger notification filing and coordinating antitrust review from enforcement authorities around the globe.

Litigation. Antitrust litigations frequently involve allegations of monopolization, price-fixing, and other agreements and activity that lessens competition. These suits often proceed as class actions, in many cases involving enormous exposure representing treble damages across entire industries. In their roles as plaintiffs, defendants, or third parties, businesses require advice from antitrust counsel regarding the risks and benefits of the antitrust litigation process, which can involve treble damages (in civil litigation) or incarceration and significant fines (in criminal prosecutions).

Government Investigations. Antitrust counsel play an indispensable role in guiding companies through administrative and, when necessary, criminal processes in the U.S., European Union, and other jurisdictions for issues related to cartelization, price-fixing, monopolization, and vertical restraints. In particular, antitrust agencies around the world increasingly investigate and prosecute illegal cartels. Antitrust counsel provide overall coordination of approaches to multiple jurisdictions, especially with regard to the potential for criminal sanction, third-party access to evidence, and follow-on private litigation.

Counseling. On a day-to-day basis, many firms require antitrust guidance regarding strategic pricing decisions, structuring distribution and licensing agreements, potential competitor collaborations, interlocking directorates, and a variety of other customer-, supplier-, or competitor-facing issues that may implicate the antitrust laws. In addition, many businesses implement antitrust compliance, monitoring programs, and internal reviews in consultation with antitrust counsel.

The antitrust laws are designed to foster competition and promote consumer welfare by ensuring that businesses compete fairly based on the strength of their product and service offerings. The antitrust laws target unlawful business practices that may lead to higher prices, fewer choices, or lessened innovation for consumers. For example, the antitrust laws prohibit agreements among competitors to fix prices or allocate customers (Section 1 of the Sherman Act), illegal or attempted monopolization by firms with leading market positions (Section 2 of the Sherman Act), certain tying and exclusive dealing arrangements (Section 3 of the Clayton Act), mergers and acquisitions that are likely to substantially lessen competition (Section 7 of the Clayton Act), price discrimination between competing purchasers (Robinson-Patman Act), and, generally, unfair methods of competition (Section 5 of the FTC Act). In addition, individual U.S. states and more than 100 countries around the world have enacted antitrust laws.

Courts and governmental enforcement reflect the inherently fact-specific nature of antitrust jurisprudence. Variations in laws across different jurisdictions can add further complexities to analyses of business arrangements and practices. Accordingly, clients typically engage antitrust counsel to assist with the following types of matters:

Strategic Transactions. When contemplating a merger, acquisition, joint venture, or minority investment, antitrust counsel are engaged early in the decision-making process to advise clients regarding the potential antitrust risks of a proposed business combination and to help structure the transaction to address those risks. Antitrust counsel also assists in identifying jurisdictions that may require a pre-merger notification filing and coordinating antitrust review from enforcement authorities around the globe.

Litigation. Antitrust litigations frequently involve allegations of monopolization, price-fixing, and other agreements and activity that lessens competition. These suits often proceed as class actions, in many cases involving enormous exposure representing treble damages across entire industries. In their roles as plaintiffs, defendants, or third parties, businesses require advice from antitrust counsel regarding the risks and benefits of the antitrust litigation process, which can involve treble damages (in civil litigation) or incarceration and significant fines (in criminal prosecutions).

Government Investigations. Antitrust counsel play an indispensable role in guiding companies through administrative and, when necessary, criminal processes in the U.S., European Union, and other jurisdictions for issues related to cartelization, price-fixing, monopolization, and vertical restraints. In particular, antitrust agencies around the world increasingly investigate and prosecute illegal cartels. Antitrust counsel provide overall coordination of approaches to multiple jurisdictions, especially with regard to the potential for criminal sanction, third-party access to evidence, and follow-on private litigation.

Counseling. On a day-to-day basis, many firms require antitrust guidance regarding strategic pricing decisions, structuring distribution and licensing agreements, potential competitor collaborations, interlocking directorates, and a variety of other customer-, supplier-, or competitor-facing issues that may implicate the antitrust laws. In addition, many businesses implement antitrust compliance, monitoring programs, and internal reviews in consultation with antitrust counsel.