Best Lawyers for Antitrust Law in America

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Lawyer
  • Location:
    Atlanta, Georgia
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate Law Trademark Law Litigation - Antitrust Arbitration Antitrust Law Mediation Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Practice Areas:
    Appellate Practice Antitrust Law Corporate Law Litigation - Banking and Finance Commercial Litigation First Amendment Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - First Amendment Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Kansas City, Missouri
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Tampa, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
David Boies was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

David Boies

Boies Schiller Flexner LLP
  • Location:
    Armonk, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Public Finance Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Appellate Practice
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Columbia, South Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Mergers and Acquisitions Law Corporate Law Real Estate Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law First Amendment Law Employment Law - Individuals
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Columbus, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Securities / Capital Markets Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Intellectual Property Commercial Litigation Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Litigation - ERISA Appellate Practice Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Securities Litigation - Patent Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Securities / Capital Markets Law Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Energy Law Commercial Litigation Mining Law Oil and Gas Law Antitrust Law Natural Resources Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Bridgeport, West Virginia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Municipal Litigation - Banking and Finance Antitrust Law Health Care Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Commercial Litigation Administrative / Regulatory Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Sports Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Plaintiffs Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    St. Louis, Missouri
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Franchise Law Litigation - Intellectual Property Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Copyright Law Trademark Law Antitrust Law Franchise Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Patent Antitrust Law Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Banking and Finance Antitrust Law Litigation - Bankruptcy
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Securities Litigation - Banking and Finance Mediation Arbitration
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Health Care Commercial Litigation Health Care Law Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Administrative / Regulatory Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Health Care Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Defendants Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boulder, Colorado
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Patent Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Jackson, Mississippi
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Criminal Defense: White-Collar Commercial Litigation Corporate Compliance Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Detroit, Michigan
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Commercial Litigation Health Care Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
Helene D. Jaffe was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Helene D. Jaffe

Law Offices of Helene D. Jaffe
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Advertising Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boston, Massachusetts
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Sports Law Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation Construction Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Employment Law - Individuals Labor Law - Management Product Liability Litigation - Defendants Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Labor and Employment Employment Law - Management Professional Malpractice Law - Defendants
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Oil and Gas Law Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Natural Resources Law Commercial Litigation Appellate Practice
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Hartford, Connecticut
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
Roberta D. Liebenberg was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Roberta D. Liebenberg

Fine, Kaplan and Black, R.P.C.
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Orlando, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Appellate Practice Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Trademark Law Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Mediation Arbitration Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boston, Massachusetts
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Corporate Law Venture Capital Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Health Care Law Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Litigation - Regulatory Enforcement (SEC, Telecom, Energy) Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Securities Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Practice Areas:
    Criminal Defense: White-Collar Legal Malpractice Law - Defendants Litigation - Insurance Personal Injury Litigation - Plaintiffs Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Personal Injury Litigation - Defendants Product Liability Litigation - Plaintiffs
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Portland, Oregon
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Memphis, Tennessee
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Construction Corporate Law Litigation - Banking and Finance Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Insurance Litigation - Labor and Employment Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winter Park, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Patent Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Legal Malpractice Law - Defendants Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Mediation Arbitration Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Personal Injury Litigation - Plaintiffs Antitrust Law Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Plaintiffs
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Corporate Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Greensboro, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Bankruptcy and Creditor Debtor Rights / Insolvency and Reorganization Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Greenville, South Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Appellate Practice
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Appellate Practice Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Atlanta, Georgia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Omaha, Nebraska
  • Practice Areas:
    Financial Services Regulation Law Banking and Finance Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Health Care Law Litigation - Health Care Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Environmental Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Franchise Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Banking and Finance Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Energy Law Commercial Litigation Utilities Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Trade Secrets Law Antitrust Law Trademark Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Jackson, Mississippi
  • Practice Areas:
    Criminal Defense: General Practice Antitrust Law Criminal Defense: White-Collar
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Portland, Oregon
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law

  • Location:
  • Practice Areas:

Practice Area Definition

Antitrust Law Definition

The antitrust laws are designed to foster competition and promote consumer welfare by ensuring that businesses compete fairly based on the strength of their product and service offerings. The antitrust laws target unlawful business practices that may lead to higher prices, fewer choices, or lessened innovation for consumers. For example, the antitrust laws prohibit agreements among competitors to fix prices or allocate customers (Section 1 of the Sherman Act), illegal or attempted monopolization by firms with leading market positions (Section 2 of the Sherman Act), certain tying and exclusive dealing arrangements (Section 3 of the Clayton Act), mergers and acquisitions that are likely to substantially lessen competition (Section 7 of the Clayton Act), price discrimination between competing purchasers (Robinson-Patman Act), and, generally, unfair methods of competition (Section 5 of the FTC Act). In addition, individual U.S. states and more than 100 countries around the world have enacted antitrust laws.

Courts and governmental enforcement reflect the inherently fact-specific nature of antitrust jurisprudence. Variations in laws across different jurisdictions can add further complexities to analyses of business arrangements and practices. Accordingly, clients typically engage antitrust counsel to assist with the following types of matters:

Strategic Transactions. When contemplating a merger, acquisition, joint venture, or minority investment, antitrust counsel are engaged early in the decision-making process to advise clients regarding the potential antitrust risks of a proposed business combination and to help structure the transaction to address those risks. Antitrust counsel also assists in identifying jurisdictions that may require a pre-merger notification filing and coordinating antitrust review from enforcement authorities around the globe.

Litigation. Antitrust litigations frequently involve allegations of monopolization, price-fixing, and other agreements and activity that lessens competition. These suits often proceed as class actions, in many cases involving enormous exposure representing treble damages across entire industries. In their roles as plaintiffs, defendants, or third parties, businesses require advice from antitrust counsel regarding the risks and benefits of the antitrust litigation process, which can involve treble damages (in civil litigation) or incarceration and significant fines (in criminal prosecutions).

Government Investigations. Antitrust counsel play an indispensable role in guiding companies through administrative and, when necessary, criminal processes in the U.S., European Union, and other jurisdictions for issues related to cartelization, price-fixing, monopolization, and vertical restraints. In particular, antitrust agencies around the world increasingly investigate and prosecute illegal cartels. Antitrust counsel provide overall coordination of approaches to multiple jurisdictions, especially with regard to the potential for criminal sanction, third-party access to evidence, and follow-on private litigation.

Counseling. On a day-to-day basis, many firms require antitrust guidance regarding strategic pricing decisions, structuring distribution and licensing agreements, potential competitor collaborations, interlocking directorates, and a variety of other customer-, supplier-, or competitor-facing issues that may implicate the antitrust laws. In addition, many businesses implement antitrust compliance, monitoring programs, and internal reviews in consultation with antitrust counsel.

The antitrust laws are designed to foster competition and promote consumer welfare by ensuring that businesses compete fairly based on the strength of their product and service offerings. The antitrust laws target unlawful business practices that may lead to higher prices, fewer choices, or lessened innovation for consumers. For example, the antitrust laws prohibit agreements among competitors to fix prices or allocate customers (Section 1 of the Sherman Act), illegal or attempted monopolization by firms with leading market positions (Section 2 of the Sherman Act), certain tying and exclusive dealing arrangements (Section 3 of the Clayton Act), mergers and acquisitions that are likely to substantially lessen competition (Section 7 of the Clayton Act), price discrimination between competing purchasers (Robinson-Patman Act), and, generally, unfair methods of competition (Section 5 of the FTC Act). In addition, individual U.S. states and more than 100 countries around the world have enacted antitrust laws.

Courts and governmental enforcement reflect the inherently fact-specific nature of antitrust jurisprudence. Variations in laws across different jurisdictions can add further complexities to analyses of business arrangements and practices. Accordingly, clients typically engage antitrust counsel to assist with the following types of matters:

Strategic Transactions. When contemplating a merger, acquisition, joint venture, or minority investment, antitrust counsel are engaged early in the decision-making process to advise clients regarding the potential antitrust risks of a proposed business combination and to help structure the transaction to address those risks. Antitrust counsel also assists in identifying jurisdictions that may require a pre-merger notification filing and coordinating antitrust review from enforcement authorities around the globe.

Litigation. Antitrust litigations frequently involve allegations of monopolization, price-fixing, and other agreements and activity that lessens competition. These suits often proceed as class actions, in many cases involving enormous exposure representing treble damages across entire industries. In their roles as plaintiffs, defendants, or third parties, businesses require advice from antitrust counsel regarding the risks and benefits of the antitrust litigation process, which can involve treble damages (in civil litigation) or incarceration and significant fines (in criminal prosecutions).

Government Investigations. Antitrust counsel play an indispensable role in guiding companies through administrative and, when necessary, criminal processes in the U.S., European Union, and other jurisdictions for issues related to cartelization, price-fixing, monopolization, and vertical restraints. In particular, antitrust agencies around the world increasingly investigate and prosecute illegal cartels. Antitrust counsel provide overall coordination of approaches to multiple jurisdictions, especially with regard to the potential for criminal sanction, third-party access to evidence, and follow-on private litigation.

Counseling. On a day-to-day basis, many firms require antitrust guidance regarding strategic pricing decisions, structuring distribution and licensing agreements, potential competitor collaborations, interlocking directorates, and a variety of other customer-, supplier-, or competitor-facing issues that may implicate the antitrust laws. In addition, many businesses implement antitrust compliance, monitoring programs, and internal reviews in consultation with antitrust counsel.