Best Lawyers for Antitrust Law in America

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Lawyer
  • Location:
    Atlanta, Georgia
  • Practice Areas:
    Arbitration Mediation Litigation - Antitrust Corporate Law Trademark Law Antitrust Law Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Kansas City, Missouri
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust International Arbitration - Commercial Antitrust Law Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Tampa, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
David Boies was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

David Boies

Boies Schiller Flexner LLP
  • Location:
    Armonk, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Appellate Practice Antitrust Law Public Finance Law Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Columbia, South Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Real Estate Law Mergers and Acquisitions Law Antitrust Law Corporate Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Employment Law - Individuals First Amendment Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Columbus, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Securities / Capital Markets Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Intellectual Property Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Securities / Capital Markets Law Litigation - Securities Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Oil and Gas Law Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Natural Resources Law Commercial Litigation Mining Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Bridgeport, West Virginia
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Municipal Commercial Litigation Litigation - Banking and Finance
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Administrative / Regulatory Law Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Sports Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Plaintiffs Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    St. Louis, Missouri
  • Practice Areas:
    Franchise Law Litigation - Antitrust Information Technology Law Antitrust Law Litigation - Intellectual Property Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Litigation - Securities Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Copyright Law Antitrust Law Trademark Law Franchise Law Advertising Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Patent
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Litigation - Bankruptcy Litigation - Banking and Finance
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Mediation Arbitration Litigation - Banking and Finance Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
Jay N. Fastow was awarded 2020 "Lawyer of the Year" in Elasticsearch.PracticeArea

Jay N. Fastow

Ballard Spahr LLP
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
Lawrence I. Fox was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Lawrence I. Fox

Lawrence I. Fox, Esq.
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Health Care Law Antitrust Law Litigation - Health Care Administrative / Regulatory Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Health Care Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Defendants Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boulder, Colorado
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Patent Litigation - Intellectual Property Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Jackson, Mississippi
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Criminal Defense: White-Collar Corporate Compliance Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Detroit, Michigan
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
Helene D. Jaffe was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Helene D. Jaffe

Law Offices of Helene D. Jaffe
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Advertising Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boston, Massachusetts
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Sports Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Construction Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Labor and Employment Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Employment Law - Management Employment Law - Individuals Professional Malpractice Law - Defendants Labor Law - Management Product Liability Litigation - Defendants Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Hartford, Connecticut
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
Roberta D. Liebenberg was awarded 2020 "Lawyer of the Year" in Elasticsearch.PracticeArea

Roberta D. Liebenberg

Fine, Kaplan and Black, R.P.C.
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Orlando, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Appellate Practice Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Trademark Law Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Mediation Antitrust Law Arbitration Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Boston, Massachusetts
  • Practice Areas:
    Venture Capital Law Corporate Law Antitrust Law Health Care Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Health Care Law Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Mergers and Acquisitions Litigation - Regulatory Enforcement (SEC, Telecom, Energy) Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Practice Areas:
    Criminal Defense: White-Collar Personal Injury Litigation - Defendants Bet-the-Company Litigation Product Liability Litigation - Plaintiffs Personal Injury Litigation - Plaintiffs Legal Malpractice Law - Defendants Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Insurance
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Portland, Oregon
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Securities Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Memphis, Tennessee
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Construction Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Corporate Law Litigation - Banking and Finance
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Labor and Employment Bet-the-Company Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Insurance Insurance Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Legal Malpractice Law - Defendants Bet-the-Company Litigation Mediation Arbitration
Lawyer
Stephen E. Nagin was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Stephen E. Nagin

Schwed Kahle Kress, P.A.
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Mass Tort Litigation / Class Actions - Plaintiffs Personal Injury Litigation - Plaintiffs
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Birmingham, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Diego, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Legal Malpractice Law - Defendants Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Greensboro, North Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Bankruptcy and Creditor Debtor Rights / Insolvency and Reorganization Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Securities
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Health Care Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Greenville, South Carolina
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Appellate Practice Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    West Hartford, Connecticut
  • Practice Areas:
    Bet-the-Company Litigation Criminal Defense: White-Collar Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Intellectual Property Litigation - Regulatory Enforcement (SEC, Telecom, Energy) Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Criminal Defense: General Practice
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • Practice Areas:
    Appellate Practice Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Litigation - Intellectual Property Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Atlanta, Georgia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Omaha, Nebraska
  • Practice Areas:
    Financial Services Regulation Law Antitrust Law Banking and Finance Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Seattle, Washington
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Health Care Law Litigation - Health Care Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Dallas, Texas
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Phoenix, Arizona
  • Practice Areas:
    Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust Appellate Practice Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Environmental Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Miami, Florida
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law Bet-the-Company Litigation Commercial Litigation Litigation - Banking and Finance
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Chicago, Illinois
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Energy Law Commercial Litigation Utilities Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Kansas City, Missouri
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Los Angeles, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Montgomery, Alabama
  • Practice Areas:
    Copyright Law Trade Secrets Law Trademark Law Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Jackson, Mississippi
  • Practice Areas:
    Criminal Defense: White-Collar Criminal Defense: General Practice Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    San Francisco, California
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Portland, Oregon
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Litigation - Antitrust
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Portland, Oregon
  • Practice Areas:
    Copyright Law Patent Law Technology Law Trademark Law Antitrust Law Litigation - Intellectual Property
Lawyer
  • Location:
    New York, New York
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Antitrust Antitrust Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation - Intellectual Property Construction Law Antitrust Law Commercial Litigation Mergers and Acquisitions Law Corporate Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Washington, District of Columbia
  • Practice Areas:
    Antitrust Law

  • Location:
  • Practice Areas:

Practice Area Definition

Antitrust Law Definition

The antitrust laws are designed to foster competition and promote consumer welfare by ensuring that businesses compete fairly based on the strength of their product and service offerings. The antitrust laws target unlawful business practices that may lead to higher prices, fewer choices, or lessened innovation for consumers. For example, the antitrust laws prohibit agreements among competitors to fix prices or allocate customers (Section 1 of the Sherman Act), illegal or attempted monopolization by firms with leading market positions (Section 2 of the Sherman Act), certain tying and exclusive dealing arrangements (Section 3 of the Clayton Act), mergers and acquisitions that are likely to substantially lessen competition (Section 7 of the Clayton Act), price discrimination between competing purchasers (Robinson-Patman Act), and, generally, unfair methods of competition (Section 5 of the FTC Act). In addition, individual U.S. states and more than 100 countries around the world have enacted antitrust laws.

Courts and governmental enforcement reflect the inherently fact-specific nature of antitrust jurisprudence. Variations in laws across different jurisdictions can add further complexities to analyses of business arrangements and practices. Accordingly, clients typically engage antitrust counsel to assist with the following types of matters:

Strategic Transactions. When contemplating a merger, acquisition, joint venture, or minority investment, antitrust counsel are engaged early in the decision-making process to advise clients regarding the potential antitrust risks of a proposed business combination and to help structure the transaction to address those risks. Antitrust counsel also assists in identifying jurisdictions that may require a pre-merger notification filing and coordinating antitrust review from enforcement authorities around the globe.

Litigation. Antitrust litigations frequently involve allegations of monopolization, price-fixing, and other agreements and activity that lessens competition. These suits often proceed as class actions, in many cases involving enormous exposure representing treble damages across entire industries. In their roles as plaintiffs, defendants, or third parties, businesses require advice from antitrust counsel regarding the risks and benefits of the antitrust litigation process, which can involve treble damages (in civil litigation) or incarceration and significant fines (in criminal prosecutions).

Government Investigations. Antitrust counsel play an indispensable role in guiding companies through administrative and, when necessary, criminal processes in the U.S., European Union, and other jurisdictions for issues related to cartelization, price-fixing, monopolization, and vertical restraints. In particular, antitrust agencies around the world increasingly investigate and prosecute illegal cartels. Antitrust counsel provide overall coordination of approaches to multiple jurisdictions, especially with regard to the potential for criminal sanction, third-party access to evidence, and follow-on private litigation.

Counseling. On a day-to-day basis, many firms require antitrust guidance regarding strategic pricing decisions, structuring distribution and licensing agreements, potential competitor collaborations, interlocking directorates, and a variety of other customer-, supplier-, or competitor-facing issues that may implicate the antitrust laws. In addition, many businesses implement antitrust compliance, monitoring programs, and internal reviews in consultation with antitrust counsel.

The antitrust laws are designed to foster competition and promote consumer welfare by ensuring that businesses compete fairly based on the strength of their product and service offerings. The antitrust laws target unlawful business practices that may lead to higher prices, fewer choices, or lessened innovation for consumers. For example, the antitrust laws prohibit agreements among competitors to fix prices or allocate customers (Section 1 of the Sherman Act), illegal or attempted monopolization by firms with leading market positions (Section 2 of the Sherman Act), certain tying and exclusive dealing arrangements (Section 3 of the Clayton Act), mergers and acquisitions that are likely to substantially lessen competition (Section 7 of the Clayton Act), price discrimination between competing purchasers (Robinson-Patman Act), and, generally, unfair methods of competition (Section 5 of the FTC Act). In addition, individual U.S. states and more than 100 countries around the world have enacted antitrust laws.

Courts and governmental enforcement reflect the inherently fact-specific nature of antitrust jurisprudence. Variations in laws across different jurisdictions can add further complexities to analyses of business arrangements and practices. Accordingly, clients typically engage antitrust counsel to assist with the following types of matters:

Strategic Transactions. When contemplating a merger, acquisition, joint venture, or minority investment, antitrust counsel are engaged early in the decision-making process to advise clients regarding the potential antitrust risks of a proposed business combination and to help structure the transaction to address those risks. Antitrust counsel also assists in identifying jurisdictions that may require a pre-merger notification filing and coordinating antitrust review from enforcement authorities around the globe.

Litigation. Antitrust litigations frequently involve allegations of monopolization, price-fixing, and other agreements and activity that lessens competition. These suits often proceed as class actions, in many cases involving enormous exposure representing treble damages across entire industries. In their roles as plaintiffs, defendants, or third parties, businesses require advice from antitrust counsel regarding the risks and benefits of the antitrust litigation process, which can involve treble damages (in civil litigation) or incarceration and significant fines (in criminal prosecutions).

Government Investigations. Antitrust counsel play an indispensable role in guiding companies through administrative and, when necessary, criminal processes in the U.S., European Union, and other jurisdictions for issues related to cartelization, price-fixing, monopolization, and vertical restraints. In particular, antitrust agencies around the world increasingly investigate and prosecute illegal cartels. Antitrust counsel provide overall coordination of approaches to multiple jurisdictions, especially with regard to the potential for criminal sanction, third-party access to evidence, and follow-on private litigation.

Counseling. On a day-to-day basis, many firms require antitrust guidance regarding strategic pricing decisions, structuring distribution and licensing agreements, potential competitor collaborations, interlocking directorates, and a variety of other customer-, supplier-, or competitor-facing issues that may implicate the antitrust laws. In addition, many businesses implement antitrust compliance, monitoring programs, and internal reviews in consultation with antitrust counsel.