Best Lawyers for Natural Resources Law in Chile

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Sebastián Abogabir Méndez
Lawyer
Sebastián Abogabir Méndez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Sebastián Abogabir Méndez

Guerrero Olivos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Natural Resources Law Water Law Energy Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Natural Resources Law Water Law Mining Law
Jorge Allende Z.
Lawyer
Jorge Allende Z. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Jorge Allende Z.

CMS Carey & Allende
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate and M&A Law Natural Resources Law Project Finance and Development Practice Mining Law
Gonzalo Arévalo Cunich
Lawyer
Gonzalo Arévalo Cunich was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Gonzalo Arévalo Cunich

Aylwin Mendoza Luksic & Valencia
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Water Law Natural Resources Law
Felipe Bahamondez
Lawyer
Felipe Bahamondez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Felipe Bahamondez

DLA Piper Chile
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Energy Law Corporate and M&A Law
Juan Paulo Bambach Salvatore
Lawyer
Juan Paulo Bambach Salvatore was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Juan Paulo Bambach Salvatore

Philippi Prietocarrizosa Ferrero DU & Uría
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Project Finance and Development Practice Energy Law Mining Law Corporate and M&A Law Natural Resources Law
José Miguel Bambach Salvatore
Lawyer
José Miguel Bambach Salvatore was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

José Miguel Bambach Salvatore

BBGS Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Aviation Law Energy Law Corporate and M&A Law Natural Resources Law
Felipe Bascuñán Montaner
Lawyer
Felipe Bascuñán Montaner was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Felipe Bascuñán Montaner

Allende Bascuñan & Cía.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Water Law Energy Law Natural Resources Law
Enrique Benítez Urrutia
Lawyer
Enrique Benítez Urrutia was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Enrique Benítez Urrutia

Dentons Larraín Rencoret S.p.A.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Environmental Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Natural Resources Law
Jerónimo Carcelén Pacheco
Lawyer
Jerónimo Carcelén Pacheco was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Jerónimo Carcelén Pacheco

Carcelén, Desmadryl, Guzmán & Tapia Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Water Law Natural Resources Law
Edesio Carrasco
Lawyer
Edesio Carrasco was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Edesio Carrasco

Schultz Carrasco Benítez
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Natural Resources Law
Carlos Ciappa Petrescu
Lawyer
Carlos Ciappa Petrescu was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Carlos Ciappa Petrescu

ILC Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Water Law
Gonzalo Cubillos Prieto
Lawyer
Gonzalo Cubillos Prieto was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Gonzalo Cubillos Prieto

Cubillos Evans Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Real Estate Law Energy Law Natural Resources Law Environmental Law
Felipe Dalgalarrando H.
Lawyer
Felipe Dalgalarrando H. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Felipe Dalgalarrando H.

Dalgalarrando & Cía.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Project Finance and Development Practice Capital Markets Law Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Matías de Marchena
Lawyer
Matías de Marchena was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Matías de Marchena

Claro & Cia.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Capital Markets Law Project Finance and Development Practice Corporate and M&A Law Banking and Finance Law
Gonzalo Delaveau
Lawyer
Gonzalo Delaveau was awarded 2020 "Lawyer of the Year" in Elasticsearch.PracticeArea

Gonzalo Delaveau

Honorato Delaveau
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate and M&A Law Private Equity Law Natural Resources Law Derivatives Venture Capital Law Structured Finance Law Project Finance and Development Practice Energy Law
Matías Desmadryl Lira
Lawyer
Matías Desmadryl Lira was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Matías Desmadryl Lira

Carcelén, Desmadryl, Guzmán & Tapia Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Water Law
Sebastián Donoso Rodríguez
Lawyer
Sebastián Donoso Rodríguez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Sebastián Donoso Rodríguez

Sebastián Donoso & Asociados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law
Eugenio Evans Espiñeira
Lawyer
Eugenio Evans Espiñeira was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Eugenio Evans Espiñeira

Cubillos Evans Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Administrative and Public Law Natural Resources Law Energy Law
Nicolás Eyzaguirre
Lawyer
Nicolás Eyzaguirre was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Nicolás Eyzaguirre

Claro & Cia.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Mining Law Natural Resources Law Environmental Law Water Law
Cristóbal Eyzaguirre B.
Lawyer
Cristóbal Eyzaguirre B. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Cristóbal Eyzaguirre B.

Claro & Cia.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate and M&A Law Banking and Finance Law Litigation Bet-the-Company Litigation Competition / Antitrust Law Natural Resources Law Arbitration and Mediation Mining Law
José María Eyzaguirre B.
Lawyer
José María Eyzaguirre B. was awarded 2020 "Lawyer of the Year" in Elasticsearch.PracticeArea

José María Eyzaguirre B.

Claro & Cia.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Capital Markets Law Banking and Finance Law Corporate and M&A Law Investment Project Finance and Development Practice Structured Finance Law Competition / Antitrust Law Natural Resources Law Arbitration and Mediation
Pedro García Morales
Lawyer
Pedro García Morales was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Pedro García Morales

Garrigues
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Capital Markets Law Corporate and M&A Law Project Finance and Development Practice Banking and Finance Law Natural Resources Law
Jorge Granic Latorre
Lawyer
Jorge Granic Latorre was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Jorge Granic Latorre

Larrain y Asociados Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Corporate and M&A Law Environmental Law Capital Markets Law Banking and Finance Law Project Finance and Development Practice Energy Law
Gonzalo Grez
Lawyer
Gonzalo Grez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Gonzalo Grez

Cariola, Díez, Pérez-Cotapos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Corporate and M&A Law Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Alberto Guzmán Alcalde
Lawyer
Alberto Guzmán Alcalde was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Alberto Guzmán Alcalde

Guzmán & Cia. Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Water Law
Rodrigo Guzmán Rosen
Lawyer
Rodrigo Guzmán Rosen was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Rodrigo Guzmán Rosen

Carcelén, Desmadryl, Guzmán & Tapia Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Environmental Law
José Miguel Hernández C.
Lawyer
José Miguel Hernández C. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

José Miguel Hernández C.

Cubillos Evans Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Water Law Natural Resources Law
Mirco Hilgers
Lawyer
Mirco Hilgers was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Mirco Hilgers

Baker McKenzie LLP
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Paloma Infante
Lawyer
Paloma Infante was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Paloma Infante

Morales & Besa Ltda
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law
Juan Irarrázabal
Lawyer
Juan Irarrázabal was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Juan Irarrázabal

Philippi Prietocarrizosa Ferrero DU & Uría
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Corporate and M&A Law Mining Law Banking and Finance Law
Ramón Jara Araya
Lawyer
Ramón Jara Araya was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Ramón Jara Araya

Jara Del Favero & Ried Fabres
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Gonzalo Jiménez
Lawyer
Gonzalo Jiménez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Gonzalo Jiménez

Cariola, Díez, Pérez-Cotapos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Administrative and Public Law Energy Law Environmental Law
Patricio Leyton
Lawyer
Patricio Leyton was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Patricio Leyton

FerradaNehme
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Natural Resources Law
Nicolás Luco Illanes
Lawyer
Nicolás Luco Illanes was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Nicolás Luco Illanes

Claro & Cia.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Arbitration and Mediation Litigation Energy Law Natural Resources Law
Pedro Lyon Bascur
Lawyer
Pedro Lyon Bascur was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Pedro Lyon Bascur

Guerrero Olivos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Mining Law Venture Capital Law Natural Resources Law Investment
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Natural Resources Law Project Finance and Development Practice
Luis Felipe Merino Risopatrón
Lawyer
Luis Felipe Merino Risopatrón was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Luis Felipe Merino Risopatrón

Garrigues
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Investment Technology Law Corporate and M&A Law Energy Law Media Law
Pablo Mir
Lawyer
Pablo Mir was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Pablo Mir

Bofill Mir & Alvarez Jana Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Mining Law Project Finance and Development Practice Energy Law Natural Resources Law
Rodrigo Muñoz
Lawyer
Rodrigo Muñoz was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Rodrigo Muñoz

Núñez, Muñoz y Cía. Ltda.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Mining Law Natural Resources Law
Gonzalo Nieto Valdés
Lawyer
Gonzalo Nieto Valdés was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Gonzalo Nieto Valdés

Dentons Larraín Rencoret S.p.A.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Camila Noguera
Lawyer
Camila Noguera was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Camila Noguera

Valdés & Asociados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Water Law Natural Resources Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Mining Law Natural Resources Law
Patricia Nuñez
Lawyer
Patricia Nuñez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Patricia Nuñez

Núñez, Muñoz y Cía. Ltda.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Rodrigo Ochagavía
Lawyer
Rodrigo Ochagavía was awarded 2020 "Lawyer of the Year" in Elasticsearch.PracticeArea

Rodrigo Ochagavía

Claro & Cia.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Aviation Law Insolvency and Reorganization Law Maritime Law Capital Markets Law Energy Law Banking and Finance Law Trade Law Project Finance and Development Practice Natural Resources Law Insurance Law Corporate and M&A Law
Blanca Oddo Beas
Lawyer
Blanca Oddo Beas was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Blanca Oddo Beas

Mendoza, Oddo, Mori, Aguerrea & Gillmore
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Administrative and Public Law Natural Resources Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Sergio Orrego F.
Lawyer
Sergio Orrego F. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Sergio Orrego F.

Urenda Rencoret Orrego y Dörr Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Mining Law Project Finance and Development Practice Energy Law Banking and Finance Law Natural Resources Law Capital Markets Law Corporate and M&A Law
Monica Alejandra Ortega Gajardo
Lawyer
Monica Alejandra Ortega Gajardo was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Monica Alejandra Ortega Gajardo

Monica Alejandra Ortega Gajardo
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law
Antonio Ortúzar Vicuña, Jr.
Lawyer
Antonio Ortúzar Vicuña, Jr. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Antonio Ortúzar Vicuña, Jr.

Baker McKenzie LLP
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Mining Law Natural Resources Law
Juan Luis Ossa Bulnes
Lawyer
Juan Luis Ossa Bulnes was awarded 2020 "Lawyer of the Year" in Elasticsearch.PracticeArea

Juan Luis Ossa Bulnes

Ossa, Bulnes & Asociados Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Mining Law Natural Resources Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Project Finance and Development Practice Investment Insolvency and Reorganization Law Corporate and M&A Law Tax Law Natural Resources Law Banking and Finance Law Arbitration and Mediation
Ricardo Peña Vial
Lawyer
Ricardo Peña Vial was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Ricardo Peña Vial

Larrain y Asociados Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate and M&A Law Project Finance and Development Practice Energy Law Natural Resources Law Trade Law
Hugo Prieto
Lawyer
Hugo Prieto was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Hugo Prieto

Grasty Quintana Majlis & Cía. Ltda.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law
María Paz Pulgar Betancourt
Lawyer
María Paz Pulgar Betancourt was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

María Paz Pulgar Betancourt

Philippi Prietocarrizosa Ferrero DU & Uría
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Mining Law Natural Resources Law
Benjamín Pérez A.
Lawyer
Benjamín Pérez A. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Benjamín Pérez A.

Guerrero Olivos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Mining Law Water Law Natural Resources Law
Clemente Pérez Errázuriz
Lawyer
Clemente Pérez Errázuriz was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Clemente Pérez Errázuriz

Guerrero Olivos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Natural Resources Law Project Finance and Development Practice
Carlos Pérez-Cotapos
Lawyer
Carlos Pérez-Cotapos was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Carlos Pérez-Cotapos

Cariola, Díez, Pérez-Cotapos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate and M&A Law Project Finance and Development Practice Mining Law Natural Resources Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Litigation Trade Law Arbitration and Mediation Mining Law Natural Resources Law Project Finance and Development Practice Construction Law
Paulina Riquelme
Lawyer
Paulina Riquelme was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Paulina Riquelme

EELaw
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate Governance & Compliance Practice Natural Resources Law Energy Law
Martín Santa María Oyanedel
Lawyer
Martín Santa María Oyanedel was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Martín Santa María Oyanedel

Guerrero Olivos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Real Estate Law Natural Resources Law
Carolina Soler
Lawyer
Carolina Soler was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Carolina Soler

Proyecta
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Environmental Law
Andrés Sáez
Lawyer
Andrés Sáez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Andrés Sáez

Moreno, Sáez & Avilés Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law
Francisco Sánchez
Lawyer
Francisco Sánchez was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Francisco Sánchez

FS Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Mining Law
Juan Tagle Quiroz
Lawyer
Juan Tagle Quiroz was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Juan Tagle Quiroz

Prieto Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Project Finance and Development Practice Capital Markets Law Natural Resources Law Energy Law Corporate and M&A Law Banking and Finance Law Real Estate Law
Claudio Undurraga Abbott
Lawyer
Claudio Undurraga Abbott was awarded 2020 "Lawyer of the Year" in Elasticsearch.PracticeArea

Claudio Undurraga Abbott

Prieto Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Arbitration and Mediation Corporate and M&A Law Litigation Energy Law Project Finance and Development Practice
Ignacio Urrutia C.
Lawyer
Ignacio Urrutia C. was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Ignacio Urrutia C.

Urenda Rencoret Orrego y Dörr Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Natural Resources Law
José Antonio Urrutia Riesco
Lawyer
José Antonio Urrutia Riesco was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

José Antonio Urrutia Riesco

Urrutia & Cía.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Project Finance and Development Practice Mining Law Environmental Law Natural Resources Law
Gerardo Varela
Lawyer
Gerardo Varela was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Gerardo Varela

Cariola, Díez, Pérez-Cotapos
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Corporate and M&A Law Energy Law Natural Resources Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Project Finance and Development Practice Mining Law Energy Law Environmental Law
Alejandro Vergara Blanco
Lawyer
Alejandro Vergara Blanco was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Alejandro Vergara Blanco

Vergara y Cía.
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Water Law Energy Law Natural Resources Law Arbitration and Mediation Mining Law Administrative and Public Law
Lawyer
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Environmental Law Natural Resources Law
Hipólito Zañartu Rosselot
Lawyer
Hipólito Zañartu Rosselot was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Hipólito Zañartu Rosselot

Schenke + Brancoli
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Energy Law Natural Resources Law Water Law
Rony Zimerman
Lawyer
Rony Zimerman was awarded  "Lawyer of the Year" in

Rony Zimerman

Bofill Mir & Alvarez Jana Abogados
  • Location:
    Santiago, Chile
  • Practice Areas:
    Natural Resources Law Water Law Trade Law Corporate and M&A Law

  • Location:
  • Practice Areas:

Practice Area Definition

Natural Resources Law Definition

The natural resources practice area focuses on the use and management of natural resources. Generally the use of resources such as minerals or water requires a title, in the form of a concession granted by the national government. Therefore, on the one hand, the practice concerns with the application process for the granting of a concession for the use of natural resources. A strong practice must include assessment of environmental aspects of the project, to determine whether environmental permits or other administrative permits are applicable. 

Similarly, the practice area comprises litigation pertaining water and mining concessions, and related environmental permits, both before the general court (usually in cases of opposition to the granting of the concession or motions for its annulment) or the special environmental court (in cases related to applicable environmental permits).

Additionally, the exercise of these concessions requires access to surface land. Thus, natural resources lawyers must provide advice on land use issues which may arise when the owner of the surface land is a different person or entity. Chilean legislation provides easements which may be imposed on the land owner, in favor of the concession holder. Although the strength of these easements remained uncontested for quite some time, recent rulings that limit their breadth pose new challenges for developers. Access becomes particularly relevant when surface land falls under some category of protection that stems from environmental or cultural attributes, and especially if it belongs to indigenous communities. 

Furthermore, natural resources practice areas are preparing to anticipate changes related to two bills currently being discussed in congress. The first is a major amendment to the water code that could have particular influence on mining. The second is the introduction of a law designed to safeguard glaciers, which would prohibit certain activities that could have an impact on these water reservoirs.  

The natural resources practice area focuses on the use and management of natural resources. Generally the use of resources such as minerals or water requires a title, in the form of a concession granted by the national government. Therefore, on the one hand, the practice concerns with the application process for the granting of a concession for the use of natural resources. A strong practice must include assessment of environmental aspects of the project, to determine whether environmental permits or other administrative permits are applicable. 

Similarly, the practice area comprises litigation pertaining water and mining concessions, and related environmental permits, both before the general court (usually in cases of opposition to the granting of the concession or motions for its annulment) or the special environmental court (in cases related to applicable environmental permits).

Additionally, the exercise of these concessions requires access to surface land. Thus, natural resources lawyers must provide advice on land use issues which may arise when the owner of the surface land is a different person or entity. Chilean legislation provides easements which may be imposed on the land owner, in favor of the concession holder. Although the strength of these easements remained uncontested for quite some time, recent rulings that limit their breadth pose new challenges for developers. Access becomes particularly relevant when surface land falls under some category of protection that stems from environmental or cultural attributes, and especially if it belongs to indigenous communities. 

Furthermore, natural resources practice areas are preparing to anticipate changes related to two bills currently being discussed in congress. The first is a major amendment to the water code that could have particular influence on mining. The second is the introduction of a law designed to safeguard glaciers, which would prohibit certain activities that could have an impact on these water reservoirs.