Media Law Definition
Mass media and the freedom of the same is protected by various laws, including the Constitution of the Russian Federation (Article 29.5), the Russian Media Law No. 2124-1 dated 27 December 1991 (as amended) (Article 1), and other national regulations, as well as local court practice affirmed by the national higher courts.
Basically, media law shall regulate different aspects of production, ownership, usage, exploitation, dissemination, acquisition, and search of periodic printing issues, Internet issues, TV channels, radio channels, TV programs, radio programs, video programs, documentary programs, and other forms of periodic content. In other words, media law shall generally extend to and “keep an eye” on the commercial turnover of newspapers, magazines, TV/radio broadcasting, digital mass media, such as online news, streaming audio/video services, Internet portals and aggregators, TV shows, and e-magazines.
From the legal perspective, the laws devoted to mass media protect the rights and interests of journalists, publishers, and broadcasters, as well as other disseminators of information. Hence, the engagement of lawyers and legal counsels into this particular sector is inevitable. Media lawyers provide on a regular basis advice and representation as to various regulatory, contentious, and non-contentious matters. More specifically, media counsels advise their clients on media registration, licensing and acquisition issues, media litigation, and dispute resolution cases, especially in the event when the rights of media-content producers overlap with traditional forms of intellectual property (IP) rights (e.g. copyrights, trademarks). Media lawyers are usually involved on the transactional side of the media-related projects and, therefore, actively assist their clients in making, reviewing, and negotiating different types of underlying contracts/agreements, whether in terms of M&A or otherwise.
Along with a rapid growth of e-commerce, media counsels also provide an adequate legal support on the Internet-media related projects involving general IP, domain name, e-advertising, consumer protection, data protection/privacy, defamation, and other relevant issues. And, in many instances, media lawyers participate in high-profile matters that combine various sectors at once – technologies, mass media, and telecommunications (TMT).