Virginia is an Environmental and Energy attorney and Chair of the firm's Environmental and Energy Practice Group. She is experienced in advising clients on state and federal regulatory compliance issues, particularly in the areas of air and water pollution control and solid and hazardous waste management. Virginia has developed expertise in the requirements of the federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, for example, major and minor source permitting strategies, negotiation of special conditions establishing emission caps, Title V applicability and operational flexibility and new source review issues, including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) program. She advises owners and operators of solid waste management facilities, many of which include landfill gas-to-energy plants, on a variety of air quality and solid waste compliance matters, particularly in the context of facility siting and expansions.
Virginia has counseled clients involved in electric power generation and development projects on environmental impact reviews under Article X of the Public Service Law, air permit/compliance matters, Acid Rain program applicability, Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) requirements and the burning of alternative fuels. She has represented wind energy facility owners in obtaining special permits and variances needed for the siting of wind energy conversion system facilities.
Virginia has managed significant RCRA corrective action and state and federal Superfund matters, including the negotiation of RCRA Corrective Measures Orders, remedial investigation/remedial design Consent Orders and access easements. She has also advised clients extensively on real estate transactions involving contaminated properties, including relative to the opportunities under New York's Brownfield Cleanup Program. Virginia regularly counsels both municipal clients and developers on compliance with environmental impact reviews under the State Environmental Quality Review Act and the National Environmental Policy Act.